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Crop Diversification

In village Umarani of Nandurbar, farmers having irrigation facility generally cultivate wheat in rabi season. Low productivity of wheat is due to limited irrigation facility and light to medium soils. In the prevailing agro-climatic conditions demonstration of potato in eight farmers’ fields in 0.8 ha area was taken up. Net income from potato cultivation was Rs.1,32,000/ha as compared to Rs.15770/ha from wheat cultivation. More number of farmers are now ready to cultivate potato instead of wheat.

 

In Nacharam village of Khammam district, farmers keep lands fallow after kharif paddy, which is the common practice in the village due to lack of assured water supply during rabi. Demonstration of sunhemp after kharif paddy under NICRA project was taken up in 16 ha area. Farmers got an average yield of 10 q/ha with net returns of Rs. 30,750/ha. Sunhemp is a leguminous crop used for fodder purpose. Sunhemp is drought tolerant and yields even under terminal drought conditions.


Crop diversification towards potato cultivation
at Nandurbar, MS

Crop diversification towards sunhemp cultivation
at Khammam, TS


In village Nandyalagudem, Nalgonda district, paddy was diversified into vegetables in 3.6 ha with 46 farmers and from paddy to Mulberry (var. S-32, a drought tolerant variety) covered 11.2 ha with 14 farmers. Per ha net returns of Rs. 247500 with ridge gourd, Rs. 192300 with tomato, Rs. 267000 with bitter gourd, Rs. 106750 with onion and Rs. 396000 with mulberry were obtained when compared to paddy where the highest net returns obtained was Rs.55000 per ha only (Table).


Table. Impact of Vegetable cultivation in Nalgonda district, Telangana

Crop

Yield (q/ha.)

Cost of

Cultivation

(Rs/ha)

Gross Income

(Rs/ha)

BC Ratio

Demo

Check (Paddy)

Demo

Check

Demo

Check

Demo

Check

Ridge gourd

200

70

52500

60000

300000

115000

5.71

1.91

Tomato

500

65

57700

56000

250000

107500

4.33

1.91

Bitter gourd

160

62.5

53000

55000

320000

103750

6.03

1.88

Onion

180

60

37250

57000

106750

106000

3.86

1.85


In village Sanora, Datia crop diversification was done by high valued pigeonpea variety of ICPL-88039 to maximize the net return under rainfed farming system during kharif. Most of the farmers in this area sow black gram which has low return, instead of that short duration variety of pigeonpea was demonstrated in pigeon pea – wheat cropping pattern which was harvested in December first week and after that farmers could sow wheat crop in the same field. This pulse crop yielded 933 kg/ha, with net returns Rs. 40530/ha.

 

In village Bhoimunda, Jharsuguda farmers cultivate paddy in upland areas which give low returns and the hybrid maize variety 30R77 was introduced as an alternative to upland paddy. Now the area under hybrid maize has increased from 2 ha to 12 ha.


Crop diversification towards hybrid maize cultivation
at Jharsuguda, Odisha

Crop diversification towards pigeonpea (ICPL88039)

cultivation at Datia, MP

 

   
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