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High value cash crop under protected cultivation

The Chhoel–Gadauri village of Kullu district experience low temperature and frost during Dec to Feb, which results into delayed nursery production of tomato under open conditions and causes heavy mortality of seedlings. This ultimately delays the transplanting which results into heavy crop loss due to heavy rainfall in July, high incidence of diseases and short duration of the cropping. To cope with the problem of low temperature, nursery raising in poly house was demonstrated in 13 farmer’s field during kharif 2015 for early transplanting of tomato. The transplanting could be advanced by almost one month and the duration of crop increased as compared to the late transplanting. Early transplanting of tomato crop in an area of 1.50 ha under irrigated condition resulted in higher yield (32961kg/ha) and net returns Rs. 294288/ha as compared to farmers’ practice (Table 1). Higher income was mainly due to early transplanting in the 2nd fortnight of March which could fetch in the market and the duration of harvesting was more as compared to late planting.


Table 1. Performance of early transplanted tomato under irrigated condition in NICRA village in Himachal Pradesh

Comparison of Treatments

Date of seed sowing

Date of Transplanting

Fruit yield (kg/ha)

Gross cost (Rs./ha)

Gross returns (Rs./ha)

Net returns (Rs./ha)

Benefit cost  ratio

Demonstration

8 -10/2/2015

10 -16/3/2015

32961

101250

395538

294288

3.90

Farmers’ practice

17-20/2/2015

8-15/4/2015

25161

100550

201292

100742

2.00

 

In NICRA village Wakhrwan, Phulwama district, farmers had lost whole of their crop due to floods. Demonstration of 10 poly houses covering 50 farmers cultivating offseason vegetables like cauliflower (var: Snow Ball-16), tomato (var: Shalimar-I) and Brinjal (var: Shalimar Brinjal hybrid-I) gave net returns of Rs. 70,000/ polyhouse. This intervention not only increased the production of vegetables in the area but also gave higher returns which was not possible earlier.

 

Polyhouse farming has significantly helped the farmers in reducing dependency on rainfall and efficient utilization of land and scare water resources. In village Thipuzumi of Phek district, 10 numbers of low cost polyhouse each measuring 30×10ft was constructed using locally available low cost materials and polythene. Polythene was provided from the project fund however, other local materials were contributed by the farmers themselves. Tomato (variety ruby) was taken up in the polyhouse with support of micro irrigation system from nearby Jalkund. Average yield of tomato realized by the farmers was 118.6 q/ha with a net return of Rs. 2,66,520 and B: C ratio of 2.28 (Table 2). A total number of 30 polyhouses have been constructed in the village.

 

Table 2. Impact and economics of protected cultivation in Phek district, Nagaland

Technology demonstrate

No. of farmers

Area (ha)

Yield (q/ha)

% increase

Economics (Rs./ha)

Gross Cost

 

Gross Return

Net Return

BCR

Protected cultivation of Tomato variety Pusa Ruby

Demo

10

0.04

118.63

34.8

208000

474520

266520

2.28

Local

88.0

201000

352000

151000

1.75

 

 

Protected vegetable cultivation under polyhouse at Phek, Nagaland

   
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