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Institutional Interventions as enabling support systems

Strengthening of enabling support systems in the village comprised of existing institutions and also initiation of new institutions i.e., Village Climate Risk Management Committee (VCRMC), establishment and management of custom hiring centre (CHC) for farm implements, seed bank, fodder bank, creation of commodity groups, water sharing groups, community nursery, etc., are important components of the project. Initiation of collective marketing by tapping value chains, community nursery, and introduction of weather index based insurance and providing climate information and advisory services using data from automatic weather station and village level manual weather station were taken up to synergize the efforts.

 

Small farm mechanization through custom hiring centre (CHC)

 

Timeliness of agricultural operations is crucial to cope with climatic variability, especially with sowing and intercultural operations. Timely sowing will help to maximize benefit in variable climates. Promotion of appropriate agricultural machinery for performing critical operation is important for rainfed situations. Keeping this in perspective, custom hiring centers were started in each NICRA village to meet various farm machinery needs of the communities and to support various natural resources management interventions such as in-situ moisture conservation, mulching, residue incorporation instead of burning, zero tillage and water saving irrigation technology (drip, sprinkler, raingun, etc.). Most popular implements used in CHCs are rotavator, power tiller, furrow irrigated raised bed planter, happy seeder, multi crop planter, zero till drill, seed cum fertilizer drill, drum seeder, etc. During 2015-16, revenue generated from custom hiring centres was higher in Namakkal (Rs. 311629), Morena (Rs. 104795), Valsad (Rs. 99690), West Tripura (Rs. 62275), Faridkot (Rs. 65250), Aurangabad (Rs. 58000), Chatra (Rs. 37922), and Gonda (Rs. 18870).

 

Impact of custom hiring centre

 

In Manjhil, Nawadah demonstration of zero till drill for paddy, wheat and gram in 16 ha area in 32 farmer’s field were taken up. The practice resulted in increased yield by 14%, 11%, 13% in paddy, wheat and gram as compared to farmer practice (42.2 q/ha, 42.5 q/ha, 18.3 q/ha), respectively.

 

In Bharu village of Jhunjhunu district, earlier farmers harvested their crops manually and incurred Rs. 9000-11000/ha on labour cost for harvesting of wheat and barley with reaper binder there is significant reduction in cost and grain losses (Table.1).

 

Table.1: Impact of reaper binder machine for reducing losses at Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan

Equipment used

Reaper binder

Area and crop

181 ha and wheat & barley

Cost saving in harvesting

60%

Reduction in grain losses

10-15%

Operational rate (Rs./ ha)

4000-5500

 

In Rasidpur village of Faridkot, generally the fields are not leveled, which directly affect the sowing, nutrient supply, irrigation, plant growth and yield. Demonstration of laser land leveling resulted in uniform application of irrigation water and increased the yield of paddy and net returns (Table.2).

 

Table.2: Impact of laser land leveler for water saving in Faridkot, Punjab

Equipment used

Laser land leveller

Area and farmers

296 ha and 98 farmers

Water saving

10-15%

Paddy yield

73 q/ha

Net returns (Rs. ha)

68252

 

In village Sonauli Mohammadpur, Gonda demonstration of laser-guided land leveler for precision leveling in NICRA Village was taken up. Seeing the benefits and outcome through precision leveling, the lesser guided land leveler was extended to several farmers in the village (Table.3).

 

Table.3: Impact of laser land leveler against traditional practice at Gonda, UP

Equipment used

Laser land leveler

Traditional practice

Area and farmers

22 ha and 18 farmers

 

Yield of paddy

52.5 q/ha

43.75 q/ha

 

In Hengbung village Senapati, during 2015-16, 96 farmers have hired different farm equipment and implements from CHC and covered 30 ha area. A net income of Rs. 15,000 was generated by renting seven equipments. In Aliba village of Mokokchung, demonstration of power tiller in 37 ha area in 42 farmer’s field was taken up. The farmers found this machine very useful, as it was very convenient for carrying out agricultural operations in small plots. Apart from this, farmers reported transplanting of paddy in time and saved 65% of cost on labour.

 

Village level seed bank

 

Availability of quality seed is an issue and seed banks were created to provide quality seed of resilient crop varieties to famers in NICRA villages. Therefore, seed production of short duration, drought and flood tolerant varieties was demonstrated in several NICRA villages in rice, wheat, soybean, mustard, chickpea, sorghum, gram, foxtail millet and contributed to their spread in the NICRA villages. VCRMCs facilitated seed bank activities in the NICRA village.


Village level seed bank for distribution of seeds to NICRA villages and neighbouring villages

   
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