Strategic Research

 
   

Adaptation to climate variability and climate change requires long term strategic research in the area of Natural Resource Management, Crops, Pests and disease dynamics, Livestock, Fisheries & Energy Efficiency. Focused programmes are taken up on different commodities on adaptation and mitigation. A detailed assessment on vulnerability of different agro-climatic zones of the country is also planned. The key activities along with institutional and commodity wise responsibilities are described in the following table.

Activity Institution

Vulnerability assessment of major food crop production zones to climate variability.

CRIDA (major rainfed crop zones)

IARI( with focus on irrigated crops - rice, wheat, chickpea)

Weather based Agro-advisories, contingency plans and identification of best-bet management practices 

CRIDA through network of AICRPDA and AICRPAM centres

Evaluation of major food and horticultural crops for tolerance to climatic stresses and genetic enhancement of tolerance 

CRIDA, IIPR (rainfed crops: maize/ sorghum, pigeonpea and blackgram)

IARI (irrigated crops: rice, wheat, chickpea)

NRCPB (thermo tolerant wheat; prospecting of genes for thermo tolerance from microbial & plant resources)

CRRI (evaluation of key rice germplasm for tolerance to drought and submergence)

DRR (heat tolerance and nitrogen use efficiency in rice)

ICAR-NEH (Identification of temperature tolerant rice and maize varieties for north-east)

IIHR, IIVR, ICAR-RCER Ranchi centre (tomato, banana, mango)

Monitoring of GHG emissions through flux towers.

CRRI (onitoring of GHG emissions in rice based production systems)

Adaptation and mitigation through enhanced water productivity, nutrient use efficiency, conservation agriculture and agro-forestry systems

CRIDA & DWM (water productivity in rainfed and irrigated crops, carbon sequestration, water harvesting potential and ground water recharge in relation to rainfall variability

PDFSR (assessment of mitigation potential through farming system approach)

CRRI (mitigation potential of improved management practices and products in rice cultivation)

NRCAF & CRIDA (quantification of carbon sequestration potential in selected agroforestry systems)

ICAR-NEH (SWM practices for enhancing climatic resilience)

CIAE (engineering interventions for conservation agriculture and precision farming)

Pest and disease dynamics, changes in crop–pest/pathogen relationships, changed profile of insect pests and emergence of new bio types due to climate change

DRR & NCIPM (initial model on pest dynamics of rice – BPH)

CRIDA & NCIPM (pest and disease dynamics of pigeonpea, groundnut and forewarning system)

IIHR & NCIPM (relationships between high temperature and pest and disease on tomato and mango)

Understanding the unique traits in indigenous livestock which make them resilient to climate change and development of database

IVRI (livestock diseases resistance traits) 

ICAR-NEH (pig and poultry)

Adaptation strategies in livestock to thermal stress through nutritional and environmental manipulations

NDRI (cattle and buffalo)

Assessment of spawning behaviour of major fish species in marine and inland environments with a view to harness the beneficial effects of temperature

CMFRI (marine fish)

CIFRI (Inland fish)

Impacts on aquaculture and mitigation options

CIBA, Chennai

The strategic research is being carried out involving 21 Institutes of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research out of which seven are core institutes where state of the art research infrastructure and equipments will be installed for climate change research on irrigated crops, rainfed crops, horticulture, livestock, fisheries and energy efficiency. ICAR Research Complex-NEH at Shillong is addressing all issues related to North-East.

The seven Core institutes are

  • Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Hyderabad
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Bangalore
  • National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal
  • Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Cochin
  • Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering (CIAE), Bhopal
  • ICAR-Research Complex for NEH Region, Barapani, Shillong

14 Institutes identified for thematic research across crops and agro-climatic zones are :

  1. Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar
  2. Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), Barrackpore
  3. Central Institute for Brackish Water Aquaculture (CIBA), Chennai
  4. National Institute for Abiotic Stress Management (NIASM),Baramati, Pune
  5. Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), Cuttack
  6. Directorate of Rice Research (DRR), Hyderabad
  7. Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur
  8. Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR), Varanasi
  9. ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Ranchi
  10. NRC on Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi
  11. National Centre for Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM), New Delhi
  12. National Research Centre for Agro Forestry (NRCAF), Jhansi
  13. Directorate of Water Management, Bhubhaneshwar
  14. Project Directorate for Farming System Research (PDFSR), Modipuram