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Monthly temperature trends in major climate zones

       National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) is a network project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launched in February, 2011. The project aims to enhance resilience of Indian agriculture to climate change and climate variability through strategic research and technology demonstration. The research on adaptation and mitigation covers crops, livestock, fisheries and natural resource management. The project consists of four components viz. Strategic Research, Technology Demonstration, Capacity Building and Sponsored/Competitive Grants 

      The project was formally launched by the Hon’ble Union Minister for Agriculture & Food Processing Industries Shri Sharad Pawarji on 2nd February 2011. Most of the activities across India were initiated in full measure during 2011-12.


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Capturing climate resilient practices and technologies in action

Video documentation of successful climate resilient interventions under NICRA was initiated in Vadavathur and Jambumadai villages in Erumapatti block of Namakkal District, Tamilnadu during March 24-27, 2014. An interface meeting  with 50 farmers and officials from line departments and extension functionaries was held  at the farmer service custom hiring centre in the village established under NICRA project.  

 

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Mann-Kendall trend test along with deterministic linear trend was applied to temperature and rainfall data during 1901 to 2002 for four climatic zones of India i.e. arid, humid, semi-arid temperate and semi-arid tropic in order to examine the trends in temperature. Figure shows the four climatic zones studied.

For Humid Zone (zone-1) temperature for January, February, March, August, October, November and December showed increasing trend.


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Greenhouse gases emission from aquaculture ponds

Average emission of GHGs in g ha-1day-1 was high from traditional farming compared to
scientific shrimp farming with L.vannamei and P. monodon. Global warming potential (GWP) values in Kg CO2 eq./ha/season were 91 in P.monodon farm, 218 to 351 in L.vannamei farms and 405 in pokkali shrimp farm.


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