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Community paddy nursery as a contingency measure for delayed planting

 

   

 

 

Village level seed banks to combat seed shortages

Transplanted paddy is cultivated in the lowlands of Bihar. Paddy is often the only option available to farmers in the lowlands as it can withstand water stagnation due to high rainfall unlike other crops. Farmers’ raise nursery of long duration paddy varieties (150 days) after the onset of monsoon in mid June.



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Fodder cultivars to tackle fodder scarcity

Adequate supply of fodder, either green or dry, is crucial to the livelihoods of farmers involved in animal husbandry. Livestock producers meet their fodder requirements through a combination of crop residues, grazing on community and private property resources (CPRs& PPRs), cultivable fallows and crop lands after harvest apart from cultivation of forage crops to a limited extent. In general, livestock farmers do not make special efforts for forage and pasture management during drought years. 

 

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Seed shortage of suitable crop varieties is an important limitation faced by farmers to implement contingency crop plans to tackle aberrant rainfall situations. In vulnerable areas, farmers tend to dispose-off the entire produce as grain and therefore depend on external sources for seed supply in the next season. In crops where the seed multiplication ratio is low, seed rate and seed cost is high


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Rejuvenation of farming in cyclone and flood prone coastal agro-ecosystems through land shaping

The coastal region of West Bengal is ecologically vulnerable to the vagaries of climate variability such as cyclones and floods. These extreme events play havoc with agriculture and livelihoods of farmers. One such event in the recent past was the occurrence of the super cyclone 'Aila' on 25th May, 2009.


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