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Contingency Planning - Bulletins

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Weekly Bulletin No. 12/2016

26 September 2016

 

ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture

All India Coordinated Research Project on Agrometeorology (AICRPAM)

Santoshnagar, Hyderabad-500059

 

Status of Monsoon, Kharif Sowing and Agromet Advisories for Some Deficit/Excess Rainfall Areas

 

  1. 1.   Status of southwest monsoon

During June 1- September 25, country as a whole received 838 mm rainfall, which is 3% less than the normal rainfall of the country for the same period (865 mm). Districts which received rainfall less than or more than 50% of normal during 1 June to 25 September were identified and depicted in Figure 1 as well as Tables 2 and 3.   

  1. 2.   Status of kharif sowing (Source: Press Information Bureau, Govt of India)

The total sown area of crops as on 23 September, 2016 as per the reports received from states, stands at 1067 lakh hectare as compared to 1031 lakh hectare, as on this date last year (Table 1).

Table 1: Progress in kharif sowing in India as on 16 September 2016 (Source: Press Information Bureau & Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Govt of India)

Crop

Area sown in 2016-17

Area sown in 2015-16

Rice

387

377

Pulses

146

113

Coarse Cereals

189.6

183.6

Oilseeds

189

183.7

Sugarcane

45.8

49.6

Jute & Mesta

7.6

7.7

Cotton

102

116

Total

1067

1031

                                                                                                          (Area in  Lakh hectare)


 

  1. 3.   Agromet Advisories

The following Agromet advisories may be followed for the crops/cropping systems of the above mentioned states.

Karnataka

Rainfall received so far during south west monsoon in meteorological sub-divisions of Karnataka is as follows:

South Interior Karnataka – 511 mm (19% deficit); North Interior Karnataka – 511 mm (8% surplus) and Coastal Karnataka – 2399 mm (21% deficit)

North Interior Karnataka

  • Wherever sufficient profile-wetting rainfall is received, the following contingent measures are suggested to be taken up based on soil type and district concerned.
  • Sowing of sunflower, desi cotton, rabi sorghum, chick pea, safflower, castor or horse gram may be taken up with suitable varieties recommended for the region.
  • To overcome the failure of crops during drought situations instead of sowing sole crops recommended intercropping systems like rabi sorghum + chick pea (2:1), chick pea + safflower (4:2) or chick pea + linseed (4:2) may be taken up.
    • Priority should be given to seed cum fodder crops like rabi sorghum and horsegram so as to avoid scarcity of fodder for live stock.

Mahrashtra

Rainfall received in major meteorological sub-divisions of the state are as follows:

Vidarbha – 991 mm (6% surplus); Marathwada – 813 mm (24% deficit);

Madhya Maharashtra- 807 mm (16% surplus) and Konkan- 3533 mm (24% surplus)

 

Vidarbha

  • Apply foliar spray of 2% Urea (200 g Urea +10 litre water) at flowering stage and 2% DAP at boll development stage of cotton.
  • Taking advantage of adequate soil moisture due to recent rain events, early rabi sowing (from last week of September) of  rainfed rabi crops like safflower (AKS- 207, Bhima, Nari- 6, AKS 311, Nari- NH-1), chickpea (Jaki 9218, Vijay, Phule G- 5, ICCV- 2, PKV Kabuli 2 &4), Sorghum for grain & fodder (CSH-15R, CSH-19R, AKSV- 13R, SPV- 504, CSV- 14R, CSV- 18R, SPV- 1359, Maldandi 35-1, Ringni) and sunflower ( PKVSH- 27, KBSH- 1 & 44, DRSH-1, PKVSF- 9, Morden, TAS- 82) is recommended.
  • Use of bio-inoculants ( Azatobacter/PSB)  to promote plant growth and use of seed treatment with bio-fungicide Trichoderma to prevent seed borne diseases for better germination and plant stand  be followed for rabi crop sowings.

Konkan

  • There is a possibility for incidence of bacterial blight on rice, for management of bacterial blight spray 25 g of Copper oxychloride and 5 g of streptomycin sulphate in 10 liters of water.

 

West Bengal

 

Sub-Himalayan West Bengal has received 1950 mm (1% surplus) and Gangetic West Bengal has received 1132 mm (1% surplus) rainfall so far during the season.

  • To recover the loss due to irregular monsoon and flood, use good quality seeds only for rabi season. Early varieties of mustard (like Panchali, Agrani, Binioy) should be selected so that after harvest of mustard, one can opt for boro-rice.
  • Prevailing cloudy weather is congenial for the incidence of downy mildew in vegetables; spray Metalaxyl 8% + Mancozeb 64% @ 2g per litre of water.
  • Due to humid and warm weather in Gangetic West Bengal, infestation of bacterial blight and brown leaf spot in rice crop is likely to increase; spray Validamycin @ 2ml/lit of water.

 

Himachal Pradesh

The state has received 622 mm rainfall (23% deficit) so far during the season.

  • If maize cobs and stem color turns yellow, maize harvesting is advised. Since, light rainfall is forecasted for next three - four daysin all the districts of the state, weather outlook must be kept in mind before commencing maize harvesting.
  • Field preparation should be started for sowing of early sowing of mustard and wheat.
  • Attack of fruit fly expected in this weather in cucurbitaceous crops use of ‘Methyl Eugenol’ trap is advised. After detecting the symptoms, spraying of Dimethoate @ 2 ml / litre water at 50 litres / hectare is advised.

Chattisgarh

The state as a whole has received 1096 mm rainfall (3% deficit) so far during the season.

  • To control Tikka disease of groundnut apply two sprays of Hexaconazole (0.2 per cent) or Carbendazim (0.1 per cent) + Mancozeb (0.2 per cent) or Tebuconazole (0.15 per cent) or Difenconazole (0.1 per cent). 

 

Note: The above is a general overview for the states. However, ICAR (CRIDA) has prepared district level contingency plans (covering all farming situations within the district) and placed in the websites of the Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperation, Government of India (www.agricoop.nic.in) and CRIDA (www.crida.in) for further details.

 
 

 

 

Table 2: Districts which received more than 50% deficit rainfall compared to normal (1 Jun to 25 September 2016) (Source: IMD)

 

S.No.

State/District

ACTUAL (mm)

NORMAL (mm)

DEP. (%)

CAT.

 

Arunachal Pradesh

       
 1

East Kameng

517

1208

-57

D

 2

Tawang

1135

2415

-53

D

 3

West Kameng

920

2415

-62

S

 

Assam

 

 

   
 4

N.C Hills

457

952

-52

D

 

Meghalaya

 

 

   
 5

Jaintia Hills

659

4538

-85

S

 6

South Garo Hills

150

1637

-91

S

 7

West Khasi Hills

743

2718

-73

S

 

Uttar Pradesh

 

 

   
 8

Farrukhabad

277

731

-62

S

 9

Kannauj

309

763

-60

S

 10

Kanpur Dehat

295

750

-61

S

 11

Kushinagar

334

1121

-70

S

 12

Ghaziabad

238

624

-62

S

 13

Mainpuri

290

644

-55

D

 

Haryana

331

453

-27

D

 14

Ambala

421

893

-53

D

 15

Kurukshetra

180

552

-67

S

 16

Panchkula

393

935

-58

D

 17

Panipat

248

512

-52

D

 18

Rohtak

247

504

-51

D

 19

Sonipat

219

527

-58

D

 

Delhi (Ut)

 

 

   
 20

North East Delhi

280

627

-55

D

 

Punjab

 

 

   
 21

Fatehgarh Sahib

251

534

-53

D

 22

Firozpur

105

347

-70

S

 23

Patiala

241

594

-59

D

 

Himachal Pradesh

 

 

   
 24

Chamba

641

1386

-54

D

 25

Kinnaur

116

257

-55

D

 26

Lahul&Spiti

102

446

-77

S

 

Tamil Nadu

 

 

   
 27

Tuticorin

19

67

-72

S

 

Karnataka

 

 

   
 28

Chamarajanagar

145

295

-51

D

 

Kerala

 

 

   
 29

Wayanad

1060

2587

-59

D

                                                                                                  (D = Deficient and S= Scanty)

Table 3: Districts which received more than 50% excess rainfall compared to normal (1 Jun to 25 September 2016) (Source: IMD)

S.No.

State/District

ACTUAL (mm)

NORMAL (mm)

DEP. (%)

 

Arunachal Pradesh

     
 1

Lower Dibang Valley

3282

1024

221

 2

Upper Subansiri

1350

754

79

 

Manipur

 

 

 
 3

Imphal West

2176

947

130

 

Jharkhand

 

 

 
 4

Purbi Singbhumi

1858

1024

81

 

Uttar Pradesh

 

 

 
 5

Mirzapur

1357

885

53

 

Punjab

 

 

 
 6

Kapurthala

668

412

62

 

Rajasthan

 

 

 
 7

Pali

849

445

91

 8

Bhilwara

909

576

58

 9

Chittaurgarh

1300

701

85

 10

Rajsmand

801

501

60

 

Madhya Pradesh

 

 

 
 11

Hoshangabad

2090

1274

64

 12

Ratlam

1292

852

52

 13

Panna

1660

1062

56

 14

Satna

1582

941

68

 

Tamil Nadu

 

 

 
 15

Coimbatore

281

173

63

 

Karnataka

 

 

 
 16

Bidar

1059

667

59

 



 

 

 

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